Other Rabbit Breed Profiles
Farm-breed-profiles/harlequin7541. Jpg photo credit: use: the harlequin rabbit breed, first bred in france, has developed into two groups: the japanese and the magpie. Photo courtesy marylou zarbock history: the harlequin rabbit breed was first bred in the 1800s and originates in france. Courtesy marylou zarbock conformation: the harlequin rabbit breed has been developed into two groups, the japanese and the magpie. The japanese alternates the base color with golden orange while the magpie alternates the base color with white. Known for its stark contrast—with one side of the rabbit looking the opposite of the other—five to seven bars or bands mark its fur. The harlequin rabbit breed’s size ranges from 6½ to 9½ pounds. The recognized color varieties are black, blue, chocolate and lilac.
How Popular is a Harlequin?
The harlequin is a very popular breed of rabbit that is recognised by fanciers and breed associations for its colouring and markings rather than its fur type. Its colour is usually black and orange with absolutely no silvering allowed by the breed standard. Many fanciers suggest that this harlequin isn’t actually a breed, rather, it’s simply a colour and this is hotly debated in rabbit circles. Although the colourway is referred to as harlequin and this has been taken as the name of the breed, the harlequin breed can also present in a ‘magpie’ colourway, which means white, rather than orange, is the second colour.
One of the oldest breeds of rabbit, the harlequin was developed in france in the 1880s by putting together the semi-wild tortoiseshell dutch rabbit that was popular at the time, with truly wild rabbits. The very first examples of the harlequin closely resembled the dutch, but the markings were said to be less desirable. The first harlequins were shown at international events in paris in 1887 and made their way to england shortly afterwards. In england they were a popular shown animal thanks to their unusual markings, however they also became popular as a meat animal during the world war ii.
How to Care for Harlequin Rabbits
It is recognized by both the british rabbit council and american rabbit breeders’ association. The harlequin rabbit is playful, docile, and intelligent. Like most breeds the rabbit can respond to its own name and even be litter box trained. They are gentle, but like all other rabbits, are high maintenance. Rabbits are exotic and require consistent care by responsible and financially capable individuals. Harlequin rabbits come in two types: japanese and magpie. Japanese harlequins are generally orange and either black, blue, chocolate, or lilac, while magpie harlequins are white (instead of orange) and either black, blue, chocolate, or lilac. A “perfect” harlequin will be split between the two colors on the head, ears, feet, and body. It kind of looks like a perfect stripe between the two colors.
The harlequin rabbit is a clever, docile and playful breed. It is relatively a good-natured breed. It is calm in temperament and considered as ideal pets for kids. The harlequins are very intelligent and can be trained to learn their name. They are known to be more intelligent than the guinea pigs and hamsters. They are playful and need things to climb on, crawl through, dig and chew. Although the breed is easily handled and safe for children, but an adult should supervise the care and handling of the rabbits. The average lifespan of the harlequin rabbit is up to 5 years. Review full breed profile of the harlequin rabbit in the chart below.
Rabbit Breeds – Harlequin
The harlequin rabbit breed is docile, playful, and clever. Similar to the majority of rabbit breeds, the harlequin rabbit breed can react to its own name and even be litter box educated. They are calm, and this character makes the harlequin rabbits the ideal pets for kids. The male harlequin rabbit is called a buck and a female harlequin rabbit is called a doe, also both known as a bunny. A young rabbit is called a kit “kitten” or baby bunny.
The harlequin is a playful, docile and smart rabbit. And similar to other rabbits, the harlie can also recognize its name and get trained with a litter box. Harlies are deemed as ideal pets for the children because of their gentleness. Moreover, just like the other rabbit breeds, the harlequins’ development also face some issues. As a matter of fact, some of the rabbit experts contend that the harlequin is not a rabbit breed, but rather just a color type. Other experts refute this by saying that it is a rabbit breed with a unique color scheme. This is still being continually discussed in the current times.
Harlequin Rabbit – All Breed Information
Harlequin rabbit – information and facts about the harlequin rabbit breed. Learn more about harlequin rabbits in this article. Breed photos are included. While many people think that they are funny-looking, the harlequins carry one of the most interesting color patterns among all the rabbits. Considered as ‘clown of the rabbits’ and ‘royal jester’, harlequin is a colorful breed that is based on coloration and markings, rather than fur and body type.
I wish i knew more about dutch spotting genes, but haven’t been able to find a lot of great information on them. On our rabbit’s pedigrees we note if the rabbit is dudu that means we know they have thrown white feet/snips/etc. I know that’s not exactly accurate, but until more research is done on our part it allows us to track this major fault and make better breeding decisions to eventually eliminate it from our bloodline. Because of the limited availability of japanese harlequins when we first started, our only options for purebred does were those that throw white feet. Our purebred bucks have been the same situation. In the future i hope that more knowledge on our part and more strict culling standards for this fault will eliminate it entirely from our breeding pool.
History of Harlequin Rabbit Breed
The harlequin is considered one of the oldest breeds of rabbit with its history dating back to the 1880s. It began its development in france by crossing semi-wild tortoiseshell dutch rabbits with legitimately wild rabbits. These crossings produced the first harlequin rabbits albeit with less than desirable markings. The first harlequins were exhibited in paris in 1887 and were imported into england a few years later. Originally harlequins were called the japanese but during ww2 the name was changed.
General Characteristics of Harlequin Rabbit Breed
It is recognized by both the british rabbit council and american rabbit breeders’ association. Harlequin rabbits come in two types: japanese and magpie. Japanese harlequins are generally orange and either black, blue, chocolate, or lilac, while magpie harlequins are white (instead of orange) and either black, blue, chocolate, or lilac. A “perfect” harlequin will be split between the two colors on the head, ears, feet, and body. It kind of looks like a perfect stripe between the two colors. Some harlequins will have orange or white bellies.
What a funny looking bunny! or wait – is it really a bumblebee? no, it’s just a harlequin: a medium-sized rabbit wearing one of the most interesting color patterns in the bunny world. Color and markings together take up 75 out of 100 points in the standard, leaving fur with only 15, condition with only 5, and general type with only 10. Compare this to other marked breeds such as the english spot which places 38 points on type and 44 on markings, or non-marked breeds such as the mini lop which places 80 points on general type. As a result, body type has been neglected in some harlequin lines to the point where it can be damaging to the breed’s health and vitality.
Harlequin Rabbit Breed Info
Special considerations/notes: the harlequin rabbit breed is known to have a gentle temperament. Its life expectancy is 5 to 8 years. Was this article helpful? yes | no keep your coop secure all night and open only during daylight. Hobby farms publishes the info you need to know to run a small-scale, sustainable farm.
Breed info: the harlequin rabbit is a medium sized breed of rabbit, ranging from 6 to 9 pounds in weight. It is a realtively rare breed in the united states. The harlequin originated in france, and has a commercial body type. This breed is distinctive for its unusually color pattern consisting of two colors found in semi-diagonal bands across the body, as well as a split face, split ears which alternate to the face, split shoulders which alternate to the face also, split-colored front legs which alternate to the split-colored hind legs. This of course would be the color markings of a perfect rabbit, which is a rare find indeed in this breed.
Harlequin Rabbit – Everything You Need to Know
The harlequin rabbit was first exhibited in 1880s france and has been recognized by the united states in 1920s. The original name for the harlequin rabbit was the japanese rabbit, however that was dropped during the world wars. The harlequin rabbit breed is often called the clown of rabbits due to their unique colors and markings.
Harlequin rabbits have short, sort rabbit fur that doesn’t need much maintenance to keep clean. Shedding is minimal, but if you’re worried about the amount of fur that may find itself on your clothes and furniture, simply brush them with a wire bristled brush once a week or as necessary. Indoor rabbits will usually have a cleaner coat than outdoor rabbits, so if your rabbit has some dirt on him, be sure to spot-clean it with a damp towel. Under no circumstances should you give your rabbit a bath, as this causes them great stress and may give them a heart attack which can result in death.
List of Rabbit Breeds
Tweet if you stop by your local county fair or an american rabbit breeders association (arba) rabbit show, chances are good that you’ll see plenty of mini rex, holland lop, and netherland dwarf rabbits, along with an impressive assortment of other popular breeds like dutch, jersey wooly, lionhead, and rex. What you might not see—at least not in great quantity—are the rabbit breeds that haven’t achieved such widespread popularity. Of the 49 breeds currently recognized by the arba, a dozen of them are currently listed on the livestock conservancy’s (tlc) conservation priority list, which means that breed populations are low and in need of preservation. And while none of the breeds fall into the critically endangered category (the american chinchilla moved up from critical to threatened on the 2017 list), these 12 breeds are still quite rare.
As of may 2017, these are the 12 breeds currently listed on tlc’s conservation priority list: • american (threatened status) • silver (threatened status) • silver fox (threatened status) according to tlc, “threatened” status in rabbits means that there are fewer than 100 annual registrations in the united states and an estimated global population less than 1,000. “watch” status is for breeds with fewer than 200 annual registrations in the united states and an estimated global population of less than 2,000. Breeds in the “recovering” category have “exceeded watch category numbers but are still in need of monitoring. ” rabbit breeds that fall into the “study” category—like the harlequin—are “of genetic interest but either lack definition or lack genetic or historical documentation,” according to tlc.
One of the joys of owning a pet rabbit is the love and affection that these adorable animals provide. A wide array of breeds are very loving towards their owners, so they quickly become a cherished part of the family. Most rabbits adore human company, but some are easier to bond with than others. Harlequins, lionheads, rex, polish, and mini lop rabbits are particularly cuddly. Dutch, jersey wooly, himalayan and chinchilla rabbits are easy-going and cheerfully tolerate handling.
Lionhead rabbits do not need any special food or diet, but all rabbits need access to clean water, fresh hay, and nutritious food pellets. This mini breed will eat smaller portions than full-sized rabbits. Like any rabbit, lionheads enjoy occasional treats.